Explanation of Closing Costs
The closing costs are paid by the buyer. The following is a useful explanation of closing costs, detailed item by item.
All these activities are done by the Notario office and are included in the line by line calculation/budget of closing costs which can be provided to you.
Closing costs in Mexico amount to approximately 5% of the purchase price of a given property.
These closing costs are not related in any way to the developers or sellers but are fees, tariffs and taxes that are to be paid to the different government bodies and banking institutions involved in the process of constituting trusts, deeds and registering your property as it is due.
The final cost can vary slightly if there are any changes to governmental fees, as outlined below, between the moment you receive a quote and the actual closing.
It is important to keep in mind that the process of closing in Mexico is different than that of Canada/USA.
The Notario in Mexico is an institution different to the notary in North America. The Notario in Mexico is a state-appointed, experienced and knowledgeable lawyer specializing in real estate, whose main activity and obligation is to carry out the process to issue and recording of the purchased properties.
The Notary will request 50% of the costs to be paid (when a deposit is sent to escrow) in order to start the process of deeding the property and 50% on the day of the closing. On this day, the notary will give you a certified and stamped copy of the deed of trust.
The final document with all the government’s stamps and receipts etc, is given about 120 to 180 days after the signature, when all the recordings have been made.
Gerard will work very closely with the Notario to obtain all the pertinent documents related to your title.
All documents and receipts that justify each item are delivered at the time of the deed of trust.
1) TRANSFER TAX.
This is a transfer of property tax. This is paid by everypurchaser to the local government. In Nayarit it is a flat 2% of the purchase price; In Jalisco it is similar, but varies depending on value of property.
As opposed to the US manner in which state and local government collect the property taxes, which, when added are very high, even astronomical in some areas, in Mexico the authorities charge this 2% at the beginning.
In contrast, they do not charge high annual property tax. The notary is responsible to collect this tax; the notary is also personally liable for failure of doing so.
2) REGISTRATION FEE:
This is a tariff of around 0.9% paid to the Office of the Public Registry (a State Office). In this office, as per Mexican law, all deeds (including property’s deed of trusts) must be registered.
You have in the US something similar. It is the obligation of the notary to do the process of registering your property in this office. The legal aspect of the Public Registry is that, in this way, it is known that you are the owner of the trust rights of the said property, as from a given date.
This way you are protected against claims that the seller may have had prior to the sale of the property. This item is related to the search of liens and encumbrances and it corresponding certificate, as explained below.
In the above two items you have 2.9% of the total percentage (average 5% as mentioned above) that will be calculated as total closing costs.
3) MISCELLANEOUS, CATASTRO (PROPERTY TAX OFFICE) APPLICATION AND REGISTRY OFFICE COPY.
Once you have signed the deed of trust, the documents not only are registered in the Public Registry but also at the Muncipal level in the CATASTRO (cadastre) OFFICE for two purposes: one for census, that is to register new constructions, locations of properties, etc; but also for the annual property tax.
The Catastro office is a local office. At the registration they will give you a property tax number (Registro Predial). Yours are to be paid every year at the beginning of the year and is called Impuesto Predial (property tax).
It is important to remember that the city will not send you a bill but it your obligation to go to make the payment. This errand is normally done by the administrator of the condominium as a service but it is not the administrator’s obligation to do so. It remains the owner responsibility and you can arrange this service on a request basis.
The municipality normally offers a discount to the annual tax if paid within the first month of the year.
4) APPRAISAL .
This appraisal is done by a bank and municipal authorized Appraiser, normally a civil engineer.
Appraisers are normally chosen by the notary themselves and they may be working with different, if not all, notaries of the area.
The appraisal involved is not for commercial purposes, IE, to establish a market price, rather it is for property tax purposes. The figures given are normally lower than the market values.
For tax purposes, the law establishes that the value chosen by the municipality to base the property tax is the higher of the two of the prices established in the purchase agreement or the appraisal.
So, it may be the case that the property is appraised at 10 pesos, and the purchase agreement established the price of 1 peso, the municipality will take the appraised value as the base for the property tax.
The other way around, the purchase price is 10 pesos, and the appraised value is 1 peso, the municipality will take the purchase price as the base for the property tax.
5) THE CERTIFICATE OF NO LIENS AND ENCUMBRANCES
The notary will do a documental research in the State Public Registry and municipal CATASTRO office and get a history of the property. This history is written in the deed of trust as background information.
The search is for the purpose of finding liens and encumbrances that may hinder the transfer of the property to third parties that are purchasing in good faith.
The notary will also search at the municipality if the property is current in their property taxes. If there are no liens or encumbrances nor outstanding property tax payment, the deed will be authorized to be issued.
The corresponding CERTIFICATE OF NO LIENS AND ENCUMBRANCES issued by the Public Registry and THE CERTIFICATE OF NO OVERDUE TAXES issued by the municipality are annexed to your deed of trust. Similar certificates are acquired for water and property taxes to ensure there are no past due amounts.
6) THE TRUST FEES.
This are the fees related to setting up a trust. The process is as follows:
a ) Previous to drafting the deed of trust, the notary will request a permit from the Federal foreign affairs office to set up, as per the law, a trust and its corresponding deed in the benefit of the named buyer.
b ) The Office will grant the permit and then the notary will request the bank to set up the trust and draft the deed of trust.
This draft will include the certificates above mentioned and the history of the property (antecedents), the information about the seller and the purchaser and all the information about prices, including the text of the condominium regime, the registration of the condominium regime in the Public Registry, etc.
c )The bank will review the draft deed and the all documents when accepted send them back to the notary to have them signed by the purchaser and the seller.
d ) Once signed by the seller and purchaser, the bank will sign the deed, which then is registered in the federal office of foreign investment
e ) The expenses that are itemized in the trust cost of your closing cost sheet correspond to federal government tariff to grant the permit (10,595 pesos-fixed cost), registration of the trust, the bank review and acceptance of the drafted deed of trust, and the payment in advance of one year of the bank ́s fee to hold the trust.
7) NOTARY FEES.
These are the legal fees that the Notary will charge for the work done on your behalf. Normally, notaries will charge from 0.75% to 1% or more of the purchase value for their own fees. In our case, due to the volume, the notary that gave us the estimate. charges on the low side of the market fees.
8) THE IVA TAX.
This is the equivalent of a sales and service tax in the US; which is paid only on the notary legal fees. In Mexico the sales tax is 16%.
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I hope you have found this explanation of closing costs to be useful. Please contact me with any questions you may have!